Many of these royal nobles proved to be uncontrollable, most notably Alexander Stewart, the 'Wolf of Badenoch', who ruthlessly exploited his estates and wilfully ignored the laws of the land. Robert Stewart, son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert Bruce and Isabel Mar, was born on 2 March 1315/16 at Paisley, Renfrewshire. Her son was the first Stewart monarch, King Robert II of Scotland. House of Stewart (1371-1567) 1371-89 Robert II THE son of Walter, sixth High Steward of Scotland, and Princess Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I, King Robert II had shared in the Regency during his brother David II's exile, but was aged fifty five when he eventually ascended the Scottish throne. Robert II of Scotland. Er kam vermutlich per Robert II (2 March 1316 - 19 April 1390) was King of Scotland from 1371 through 1390. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Over the years of the king's confinement, Stewart and several Scottish parliaments had steadfastly refused to acknowledge King David's request to nominate the English royal family as the heirs of Scotland if he himself had no heir and so escape paying such an onerous ransom. Although the first part of Robert's reign saw much continuity in both officials and policies, the state's finances began to seriously decline from the mid-1370s CE. Ancient History Encyclopedia. King Robert II of Scotland - The First Stewart King see Genealogical Note. Rothesay Castle, Scotlandby Supergolden (CC BY-SA). Robert II of Scotland. https://www.ancient.eu/Robert_II_of_Scotland/. Royalties similar to or like Robert II of Scotland. Scottish Monarch. Robert was born prematurely when his mother suffered a fall from her horse, and she did not survive his birth. On the death (1326) of his father, Walter the Steward, in 1326, Robert became seventh hereditary steward of Scotland at age 10. James I, who in 1603 became king of England after having held the throne of Scotland (as James VI) since 1567, was the first to style himself “king of Great Britain,” although Scotland and England did not…. Robert did not lead his armies in person, and as neither the Scottish nor French leaders could agree on a strategy to face England, an uneasy truce was re-established between Scotland and England. Robert II, also remembered as Robert the Steward, was the King of Scots who ruled from 1371 to his death. Benchmark. Her horse was suddenly startled and threw her to the ground. März 1316 in Paisley, Renfrewshire; † 19. Robert III of Scotland (1337-1406) 3. Prince Walter Stewart, Lord of Fife 3. Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. Edward Balliol had even promised the English king he would be his vassal and hand over vast swathes of southern Scotland. For many years heir presumptive to David II and frequently regent of the kingdom, Robert is important primarily for his role in Scottish affairs before he came to the throne.. Robert Steward (or Stewart) was the son of Walter Steward (the third of that name in a line stretching back to Walter "the Steward," ca. On the death of his father in 1326, he became the hereditary steward of Scotland. Dividing Scottish estates between his many offspring, Robert redrew the political map of his kingdom and effectively replaced half of the nobility with his family and allies, a process often called the 'Stewartisation' of Scotland. He ruled from 1371 until his death. Jul 29, 2019 - Explore Diana Lewis's board "King Robert II of Scotland", followed by 189 people on Pinterest. He died at the age of 74 on April 19th, 1390. He died at the age of 74 on April 19th, 1390. The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a royal house of Scotland, England, Ireland and later Great Britain. He fought at Halidon Hill in 1333 at the age of seventeen, and was the first to raise the standard of freedom after that disastrous battle. From 1384 the kingdom was administered by Robert’s eldest son, John, earl of Carrick (afterward King Robert III), and from 1388, by his next surviving son, Robert, earl of Fife (afterward 1st duke of Albany). In 1315, Robert … Robert II was the first of the royal House of Stewart (Stuart) who were to rule Scotland for 3 centuries. Related Content Neither was the lot of the Scottish people in any way helped by the arrival of the Black Death plague which eventually killed 25-30% of the population. He was the son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of the Scottish king Robert the Bruce by … He ruled from 1371 until his death. Share. Robert II (March 2, 1316 April 19, 1390), King of Scots, called "the Steward", a title that gave the name to the House of Stewart (later spelled "Stuart"). Marjorie died within a few hours. She was nineteen at the time of her death, like her mother, who was also nineteen years old when she died in childbirth. Ancient History Encyclopedia. He fought King Edward I, and then his son, King Edward II. Despite the friction between the two, Robert remained David's heir presumptive for want of a better candidate. "Robert II of Scotland." Born Robert Stewart, he succeeded the heirless David II of Scotland (r. 1329-1371 CE) and … Since that date it has been enjoyed by the Sovereign’s eldest son. He was the only child of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and Marjorie Bruce, the daughter of Robert I the Bruce, King of Scots.His 19-year-old mother Marjorie had been riding in Paisley, Renfrewshire Scotland. The Scottish king spent the next 11 years in the Tower of London, and in his absence, Robert rose to effectively rule Scotland as regent and become the king's heir apparent. Thus was founded the royal house of Stewart (later to become Stuart) which would rule Scotland until 1603 CE and after that both England and Scotland together. Robert II. Robert's mother was Marjorie (b. c. 1295 CE), daughter of King Robert the Bruce (r. 1306-1329 CE) and Isabel of Mar. He was the son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of the Scottish king Robert the Bruce by his first wife Isabella of Mar. Robert Stewart's regency was characterised by much infighting between Scottish nobles and terrible neglect for the state's finances. Topic. 1. He married Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan on 22 November 1335, in Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland. Robert was a grandson of Robert Bruce, and the first in the House of Stewart dynasty. Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scotland from 1371 to his death in 1390 as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. He served as Regent for David II twice, while David was in exile in France and again while imprisoned in England. Cartwright, Mark. …I (through the female line)—namely, Robert Stewart, who, as, Scotland, now part of the United Kingdom, was ruled for hundreds of years by various monarchs. Robert II was born under less than royal circumstances, his birth having been brought on it seems by his mother´s fall from a horse. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 08 January 2021 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The new king quickly gave lands, annuities, and pensions to loyal followers, gave titles and estates to his many male offspring (legitimate or otherwise), and married off his daughters to link the royal family to other powerful dynasties. April 1390 in Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire; eigentlich Robert Stewart) war von 1371 bis zu seinem Tode schottischer König.Vor seinem Amtsantritt im Alter von 55 Jahren war er Truchsess (Steward) von Schottland. One medieval chronicler gives the following description of Robert: "a young man of attractive appearance above the sons of men, broad and tall in physique, kind to everyone, and modest, generous, cheerful and honest" (Oram, 143). Robert's father was the 6th High Steward of Scotland, by then a purely honorary title. He is known as Robert the Steward and succeeded the … Robert II - King of Scotland. The Balliols still had powerful and numerous supporters, but so, too, did David II, even while he was languishing in prison. Robert II. Robert II (2 tháng 3, 1316 – 19 tháng 4, 1390) cai trị với vương hiệu Vua của người Scots từ 1371 cho đến khi qua đời, là vị quân vương đầu tiên của Nhà Stewart. Er begründete die Königsdynastie der Stewarts. Son of Walter, Steward of Scotland and Marjory Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce. Cite This Work Robert II. Robert II `the Steward' STEWART. Robert II of Scotland. Image from here.. Robert II, King of Scotland (see here and here), born 1316, mar 1stly, c.1347, to Elizabeth Mure and had issue: . Robert II reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. first king of the House of Stewart, was born 2 March 1315-16, and was declared hair-presumptive to the throne on 3 December 1318. Robert II's father was Walter Stewart and his mother was Princess Margorie Bruce.His paternal grandparents were James Stewart and Cecilia (Egidia) de Dunbar; his maternal grandparents were Robert Bruce King of Scotland and Isabella Lady of Mar.He was an only child. Robert III, also called (until 1390) John Stewart, earl of Carrick, (born c. 1337—died April 4, 1406, Rothesay, Bute, Scotland), king of Scots from 1390, after having ruled Scotland in the name of his father, Robert II, from 1384 to 1388.Physically disabled by a kick from a horse, he was never the real ruler of Scotland during the years of his kingship. More seriously for Scotland, England once more went on the offensive against its northern neighbour, but, still, the Stewarts continued to hold on to power, and the house Robert II had founded would rule Scotland until 1714 CE. In terms of foreign policy, Robert first set about reclaiming parts of southern Scotland his predecessors had lost to England. Robert II of Scotland ruled as king from 1371 to 1390 CE. April 1390 in Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire; eigentlich Robert Stewart) war von 1371 bis zu seinem Tode schottischer König. The Corners of the Globe: A James Maxted Thriller, A MacGregor Christmas: A 2-in-1 Collection, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Marjorie was riding in Gallowhill, Paisley, Renfrewshire while heavily pregnant. Robert II reigned as King of Scotland from 1371 to his death in 1390 as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. Crown copyright. Robert II of Scotland is similar to these royalties: Robert the Bruce, David II of Scotland, Marjorie Bruce and more. David II was finally released in October 1357 CE as part of the Treaty of Berwick, where the Scots agreed to pay a ransom and respect a 10-year truce with England. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 08 Jan 2021. On his father's death in 1327 CE, Robert became the next Steward and the owner of estates which gave him a rank equal with the most powerful families in the kingdom such as the Bruces and the Douglases. Robert II was born on March 2nd, 1316. He had escaped following the defeat of David II at Halidon Hill in 1333 and took over as Guardian of Scotland while David was in exile in France. ), king of Scots from 1371, first of the Stewart (Stuart) sovereigns in Scotland. Books Many Scots remained loyal to their king and had no desire to see a puppet of Edward III on their throne. Upgrade to PRO to view data from the last five years. It is probable that he was delivered in Paisley. Robert was succeeded by his eldest son who became Robert III of Scotland. He was also known as Robert, High Steward of Scots and by his Gaelic Name, Roibert II Stiùbhairt. Arms of the House of Stewartby Sodacan (CC BY-SA). During David’s periods of exile and of imprisonment by the English, Robert the Steward was joint regent (1334–35; with John Randolph, 3rd earl of Moray) and sole regent (1338–41, 1346–57). With your help we create free content that helps millions of people learn history all around the world. Robert II or Robert Stewart lived from 2 March 1316 to 19 April 1390 and was King of Scotland from 22 February 1371 to 19 April 1390. von Schottland (* 2. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. The battle saw Edward III of England (r. 1327-1377 CE) heavily defeat a Scottish army. Robert I., im modernen Englisch besser bekannt als Robert Bruce, auch Robert the Bruce (* 11. Edward had the support of Edward III of England and so was able to briefly grab the Scottish throne twice (1332 and 1333-1336 CE). Includes citations for all sources. In 1315, Robert the Bruce sent his army to Ireland. English archers had brought victory, and the Scots had suffered significant desertions, notably Robert Stewart who withdrew as soon as the battle had tipped in favour of the enemy. Robert seemed unenthusiastic about politics, leaving most matters of government to his eldest son John, Earl of Carrick. Robert I, King of the Scots (11 July 1274 7 June 1329) usually known in modern English as Robert the Bruce (Medieval Gaelic: Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys) was King of the Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329. The family name itself comes from the office of High Steward of Scotland, which had been held by the family scion Walter fitz Alan (c. 1150). His mother was involved in a fatal riding accident, and Robert was born by Caesarian section. HM George I's 9-Great Grandfather. Marjorie Bruce or Marjorie de Brus (1296 – 2 March 1316) was the eldest daughter of Robert the Bruce, King of Scots by his first wife, Isabella of Mar, and the founder of the Stewart dynasty. (National Library of Scotland… Robert married his mistress Elizabeth Mure in 1336 CE (and again after the 1347 CE papal dispensation which finally declared their union valid). He was known primarily as the Earl of Carrick before ascending the throne aged around 53 years. David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (1378-1402) 3. Any attempts to gain fortune's favour was already a bit late as John/Robert had been kicked by a horse in 1388 CE and so spent the rest of his days as an invalid. After David had been ransomed from the English, Robert led an unsuccessful rebellion (1362–63). John, with the backing of Earl James Douglas (son of William Douglas and the new leader of that clan), had even launched a coup against his father in 1384 CE but eventually settled down to rule Scotland in practice if not in title. Robert II of Scotland & Queen Euphemiaby Unknown Artist (Public Domain). He was the son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of the Scottish king Robert the Bruce by … Robert II was born on March 2nd, 1316. When David II died on 22 February 1371 CE he left no heir and so Robert Stewart was made king as Robert II of Scotland. (1316-1390), called 'the Steward,' king of Scotland, was a son of Walter, the steward of Scotland (d. 1326), and Marjorie (d. 1316), daughter of King Robert the Bruce, and was born on the 2nd of March 1316. He was the only child of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and Marjorie Bruce, the daughter of Robert I the Bruce, King of Scots. Elizabeth died sometime before 1355 CE, and Robert married again in May of the same year, this time to Euphemia, Countess of Moray. He served as Regent for David II twice, while David was in exile in France and again while imprisoned in England. Ông là con trai của Walter Stewart, High Steward thứ sáu của Scotland và Marjorie Bruce, con gái của Robert the Bruce với người vợ đầu tiên của Bruce là Isabella xứ Mar. The name John was considered inappropriate as the Bruces' great rivals the Balliol's had had a king of that name, and it was also thought an unlucky one for a Scottish monarch. Web. Prince Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany (c1340-1420) 4. Four or more generations of descendants of Robert II of Scotland (1316-1390) if they are properly linked: 1. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Her parents shared a common ancestor in Robert II, King of Scots. bearing the royal cipher of Queen Elizabeth II at the Carron Works near Falkirk, 1950s National Records of Scotland, GD58/21/2/28/8. He succeeded in defending his own right as heir apparent against David’s abortive proposal to commute his remaining ransom payments to the English by making a son of King Edward III of England heir to the Scottish throne. (#4727) Robert II was a grandson of Robert I via his daughter Marjorie and Walter Stewart, 6th Great Steward of Scotland. He died 19 April 1390 in Dundonald Castle in 1390 and lies buried at Scone Abbey. Around 1337 CE (or in 1340 CE) Robert had his first son, John. Robert II. the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia. Robert II, King of Scotland (1316–1390) AJX066: You are not authorized to access this system. Robert II, also remembered as Robert the Steward, was the King of Scots who ruled from 1371 to his death. Robert Stewart remained a dangerous rival, though, and despite being made the earl of Strathearn by his king, he made an unsuccessful attempt at a coup. A superior claim was asserted on behalf of Robert’s two sons and two daughters by his second wife, Euphemia Ross, whom he married in 1355. Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. Princess Margaret Stewart m: John of Islay, Lord of the Isles 6. Omissions? ​King Robert III of Scotland (1337-1406) 2. He was the only child of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and his first wife Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce and Isabella of Mar. U.S. President [B, HARRISON] 's 12-Great Grandfather. From 1318 he was heir presumptive to his maternal grandfather, King Robert I the Bruce (died 1329). Juli 1274; 7. Robert II reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. Family and Early Years. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. He was the first king of the House of Stewart. However, in the following year he joined Sir William Wallace in his fight to liberate Scotland from Edward I. Sir Robert Boyd II(12..- 1300) was listed in the Ragman Roll in 1296 as swearing fealty to King Edward I of England. The remainder of David's reign saw some prosperity return to Scotland, but the king failed in the one area that all medieval kings could not afford to neglect if peace were to be sustained: to produce an heir. King Robert II of Scotland (1316-1390) m: 2nd, isabel de Graham John Stewart of Ralston Andrew Stewart Egidia Stewart m: 1st, James Lindsay of Cranson; m: 2nd, Hugh Eglinton of Ardrossan; m: 3rd, James Dougald of Dalkeith and Arbroath Kings of Scotland Edit King Robert II of Scotland Edit King Robert II of Scotland 1316-1390) Her marriage to Walter, High Steward of Scotland gave rise to the House of Stewart. Direct taxation had ended in 1373 CE, and sheriffs - responsible for tax collection - avoided the exchequer as parts of Scotland became increasingly lawless while Stewart barons only looked after their own interests. "Robert II of Scotland." His 19-year-old mother Marjorie had been riding in Paisley, Renfrewshire Scotland. Robert, along with other nobles, fled to the safety of Dumbarton, but he then launched a sustained campaign to retrieve some of his family's lost castles and estates. The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline. The first monarch of the House of Stewart, Robert II, King of Scots, was born at Paisley Abbey on March 2, 1316. Mary Stewart (c1383-) 4. Philip VI of France with David II of Scotland and Queen Joanby Jean Froissart (Public Domain). Robert II (1316-1390) was king of Scotland from 1371 to 1390. He took no active part in the renewed war with England (from 1378 to 1388). Son of Walter, Steward of Scotland and Marjory Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce. Juni 1329 in Cardross, Dunbartonshire), war von 1306 bis zu seinem Tod 1329 König von Schottland. Born Robert Stewart, he succeeded the heirless David II of Scotland (r. 1329-1371 CE) and … Robert II (2 March 1316 - 19 April 1390) was King of Scotland from 1371 through 1390. Robert the Bruce then fought a lot of battles to make Scotland free instead of always doing what the English king wanted. 'Blind Harry' in his epic poem 'Wallace' wrote in Book III of Sir Robert :-And Robert Boid quhilk wald no longer hide This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. He lost this position in 1324 when the Bruce’s son, afterward King David II, was born; but two years later the Scottish Parliament confirmed Robert the Steward as heir apparent to David. Robert spent most of his childhood on the west coast of Scotland. Robert Stewart became that guardian in 1338 CE. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Upon his return, David had to contend with Robert Stewart who had established himself as one of the foremost nobles in the kingdom. Robert II. Born: 1316 Died: 1390. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Robert_II_of_Scotland/. However, Robert Stewart, now calling himself the King's Lieutenant, seemed in no particular hurry to gather the enormous ransom Edward III demanded for David's release. Heir presumptive for more than 50 years, he had little effect on Scottish political and military affairs when he finally acceded to the throne. Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. Aged just 17, he fought at the Battle of Halidon Hill on 19 July 1333 CE. Robert Stewart was born on 2 March 1316 CE in Paisley in exceptional circumstances. ​King Robert II of Scotland 1316-1390) 1. Robert II of Scotland groat 1371 612678.jpg 300 × 151; 63 KB Robert II, King of Scotland from 1371 Wellcome L0010446.jpg 1,350 × 1,540; 742 KB Robert and Euphemia.jpg 330 × 450; 25 KB Robert II of Scotland ancient.eu - Mark Cartwright. Search Rank Over Time. The inherent instability in the kingdom was seen most infamously at the clan battle at Perth in 1396 CE where a number of Mackays and Mackintoshes fought each other to the death. Through her mother’s family, the Bowes-Lyons, Earls of Strathmore, she can trace her ancestry back through generations of Scottish nobility to Sir John Lyon, Thane of Glamis, who married Robert II’s daughter in the fourteenth century. To further legitimise his right to rule, Robert also set about fabricating a history of a unified Scotland with his grandfather Robert the Bruce as its greatest hero, even commissioning the celebrated poem The Bruce by John Barbour. Vor seinem Amtsantritt im Alter von 55 Jahren war er Truchsess (Steward) von Schottland. The victory was made all the sweeter because the English army had been led by the celebrated medieval knight Sir Henry 'Hotspur' Percy (1364-1403 CE). Robert II (2 tháng 3, 1316 – 19 tháng 4, 1390) cai trị với vương hiệu Vua của người Scots từ 1371 cho đến khi qua đời, là vị quân vương đầu tiên của Nhà Stewart. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Robert-II-king-of-Scotland, Rampant Scotland - Biography of King Robert II, British Monarchy - Biography of Robert II, Undiscovered Scotland - Biography of Robert II, Scottish Monarchs - Biography of Robert II. House of Stewart (1371-1567) 1371-89 Robert II THE son of Walter, sixth High Steward of Scotland, and Princess Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I, King Robert II had shared in the Regency during his brother David II's exile, but was aged fifty five when he eventually ascended the Scottish throne. In 1314, Robert the Bruce's army defeated Edward II's army at the Battle of Bannockburn. The... A 16th century CE manuscript illustration showing Robert II of... Edward Balliol is removed from the Scottish throne by Robert Stewart and barons loyal to, Robert Stewart, the King's Lieutenant, rules, The Treaty of Berwick between England and, Robert Stewart launches an unsuccessful coup against.

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