He was the only child of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and his first wife Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce and Isabella of Mar. The inherent instability in the kingdom was seen most infamously at the clan battle at Perth in 1396 CE where a number of Mackays and Mackintoshes fought each other to the death. Elizabeth died sometime before 1355 CE, and Robert married again in May of the same year, this time to Euphemia, Countess of Moray. Marjorie was riding in Gallowhill, Paisley, Renfrewshire while heavily pregnant. Arms of the House of Stewartby Sodacan (CC BY-SA). Robert III of Scotland (1337-1406) 3. Updates? The wool trade, which provided lucrative customs duties for the Crown, had boomed in the previous two decades, but by 1390 CE, it had halved. ​King Robert III of Scotland (1337-1406) 2. The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a royal house of Scotland, England, Ireland and later Great Britain. Towards the end of his reign, Robert seemed unenthusiastic about politics, leaving most matters of government to his eldest son John, Earl of Carrick while he retired to a favourite residence like Rothesay Castle on the Isle of Bute. Ancestor charts showing the family relationships of Robert II, King of Scotland (1316–1390) to other famous people. von Schottland (* 2.März 1316 in Paisley, Renfrewshire; † 19. Web. Guardian of SCOTLAND; 35th King of SCOTS; aka Raibeart II; STUART. Ông là con trai của Walter Stewart, High Steward thứ sáu của Scotland và Marjorie Bruce, con gái của Robert the Bruce với người vợ đầu tiên của Bruce là Isabella xứ Mar. He fought King Edward I, and then his son, King Edward II. For many years heir presumptive to David II and frequently regent of the kingdom, Robert is important primarily for his role in Scottish affairs before he came to the throne.. Robert Steward (or Stewart) was the son of Walter Steward (the third of that name in a line stretching back to Walter "the Steward," ca. His 19-year-old mother Marjorie had been riding in Paisley, Renfrewshire Scotland. Robert, along with other nobles, fled to the safety of Dumbarton, but he then launched a sustained campaign to retrieve some of his family's lost castles and estates. PM Churchill's 15-Great Grandfather. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. 'Blind Harry' in his epic poem 'Wallace' wrote in Book III of Sir Robert :-And Robert Boid quhilk wald no longer hide In terms of foreign policy, Robert first set about reclaiming parts of southern Scotland his predecessors had lost to England. Many of these royal nobles proved to be uncontrollable, most notably Alexander Stewart, the 'Wolf of Badenoch', who ruthlessly exploited his estates and wilfully ignored the laws of the land. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Robert II or Robert Stewart lived from 2 March 1316 to 19 April 1390 and was King of Scotland from 22 February 1371 to 19 April 1390. The Scottish king spent the next 11 years in the Tower of London, and in his absence, Robert rose to effectively rule Scotland as regent and become the king's heir apparent. Robert carried out a feud with his uncle, King David II and was able to … On the death of his father in 1326, he became the hereditary steward of Scotland. He was the only child of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and his first wife Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce and Isabella of Mar. His mother was involved in a fatal riding accident, and Robert was born by Caesarian section. Robert II (2 tháng 3, 1316 – 19 tháng 4, 1390) cai trị với vương hiệu Vua của người Scots từ 1371 cho đến khi qua đời, là vị quân vương đầu tiên của Nhà Stewart. However, Robert Stewart, now calling himself the King's Lieutenant, seemed in no particular hurry to gather the enormous ransom Edward III demanded for David's release. Robert III, also called (until 1390) John Stewart, earl of Carrick, (born c. 1337—died April 4, 1406, Rothesay, Bute, Scotland), king of Scots from 1390, after having ruled Scotland in the name of his father, Robert II, from 1384 to 1388.Physically disabled by a kick from a horse, he was never the real ruler of Scotland during the years of his kingship. Her horse was suddenly startled and threw her to the ground. Robert II. Robert I, King of the Scots (11 July 1274 7 June 1329) usually known in modern English as Robert the Bruce (Medieval Gaelic: Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys) was King of the Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329. Some historians have called this strategy the 'Stewartisation' of the nobility, and its consequences were that the Stewarts controlled half of Scotland's earldoms. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A 16th century CE manuscript illustration showing Robert II of Scotland (r. 1371-1390 CE) and his second wife Euphemia, Countess of Moray. Robert II of Scotland groat 1371 612678.jpg 300 × 151; 63 KB Robert II, King of Scotland from 1371 Wellcome L0010446.jpg 1,350 × 1,540; 742 KB Robert and Euphemia.jpg 330 × 450; 25 KB Four or more generations of descendants of Robert II of Scotland (1316-1390) if they are properly linked: 1. James I, who in 1603 became king of England after having held the throne of Scotland (as James VI) since 1567, was the first to style himself “king of Great Britain,” although Scotland and England did not…. Many wished he was king. Robert was the son of Marjorie, the daughter of Robert the Bruce and of Walter, the sixth High Steward of Scotland. English archers had brought victory, and the Scots had suffered significant desertions, notably Robert Stewart who withdrew as soon as the battle had tipped in favour of the enemy. April 1390 in Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire; eigentlich Robert Stewart) war von 1371 bis zu seinem Tode schottischer König.Vor seinem Amtsantritt im Alter von 55 Jahren war er Truchsess (Steward) von Schottland. He was the first king of the House of Stewart. He died at the age of 74 on April 19th, 1390. She died on 2 March 1316 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland, in childbirth. Robert Stewart was born on 2 March 1316 CE in Paisley in exceptional circumstances. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Juli 1274; 7. Robert Stewart's regency was characterised by much infighting between Scottish nobles and terrible neglect for the state's finances. Robert II, also remembered as Robert the Steward, was the King of Scots who ruled from 1371 to his death. He was the son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of the Scottish king Robert the Bruce by … Robert's mother was Marjorie (b. c. 1295 CE), daughter of King Robert the Bruce (r. 1306-1329 CE) and Isabel of Mar. Robert III was thus obliged to largely leave the government in the hands of others, notably his brother Robert, Earl of Fife (aka Duke of Albany, l. 1339-1420 CE). The... A 16th century CE manuscript illustration showing Robert II of... Edward Balliol is removed from the Scottish throne by Robert Stewart and barons loyal to, Robert Stewart, the King's Lieutenant, rules, The Treaty of Berwick between England and, Robert Stewart launches an unsuccessful coup against. Robert had made good use of the chaotic musical thrones between Balliol and David, greatly expanding his own estates and establishing a useful network of allies across Scotland. ​m: 1st, Elizabeth Mur (?-bef1355) 1. Cartwright, Mark. Princess Margaret Stewart m: John of Islay, Lord of the Isles 6. Robert II (March 2, 1316 April 19, 1390), King of Scots, called "the Steward", a title that gave the name to the House of Stewart (later spelled "Stuart"). Prince Walter Stewart, Lord of Fife 3. Prince Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany (c1340-1420) 4. Philip VI of France with David II of Scotland and Queen Joanby Jean Froissart (Public Domain). Despite the friction between the two, Robert remained David's heir presumptive for want of a better candidate. The name came from his ancestor Walter Stewart who was appointed High Steward of Scotland by David I. Robert II reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. Robert II. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He was the first king of the House of Stewart.He is known as Robert the Steward and succeeded the popular David II to the throne. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Robert St… Robert II (1316-1390) was king of Scotland from 1371 to 1390. Heir presumptive for more than 50 years, he had little effect on Scottish political and military affairs when he finally acceded to the throne. "Robert II of Scotland." The victory was made all the sweeter because the English army had been led by the celebrated medieval knight Sir Henry 'Hotspur' Percy (1364-1403 CE). He married Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan on 22 November 1335, in Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland. Robert III, also called (until 1390) John Stewart, earl of Carrick, (born c. 1337—died April 4, 1406, Rothesay, Bute, Scotland), king of Scots from 1390, after having ruled Scotland in the name of his father, Robert II, from 1384 to 1388.Physically disabled by a kick from a horse, he was never the real ruler of Scotland during the years of his kingship. Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scotland from 1371 to his death in 1390 as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. The Corners of the Globe: A James Maxted Thriller, A MacGregor Christmas: A 2-in-1 Collection, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. House of Stewart (1371-1567) 1371-89 Robert II THE son of Walter, sixth High Steward of Scotland, and Princess Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I, King Robert II had shared in the Regency during his brother David II's exile, but was aged fifty five when he eventually ascended the Scottish throne. The Balliols still had powerful and numerous supporters, but so, too, did David II, even while he was languishing in prison. Robert the Bruce then fought a lot of battles to make Scotland free instead of always doing what the English king wanted. He lost this position in 1324 when the Bruce’s son, afterward King David II, was born; but two years later the Scottish Parliament confirmed Robert the Steward as heir apparent to David. She went into premature labour and her child, Robert, was delivered by Caesarean section at Paisley Abbey. He died 19 April 1390 in Dundonald Castle in 1390 and lies buried at Scone Abbey. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Robert succeeded David in 1371, and was crowned at … Related Content Während der Schottischen Unabhängigkeitskriege gegen England war er Anführer der aufständische… He was the only child of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and Marjorie Bruce, the daughter of Robert I the Bruce, King of Scots.His 19-year-old mother Marjorie had been riding in Paisley, Renfrewshire Scotland. ;II. For many years heir presumptive to David II and frequently regent of the kingdom, Robert is important primarily for his role in Scottish affairs before he came to the throne.. Robert Steward (or Stewart) was the son of Walter Steward (the third of that name in a line stretching back to Walter "the Steward," ca. Robert also had at least eight illegitimate sons. the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia. Edward had the support of Edward III of England and so was able to briefly grab the Scottish throne twice (1332 and 1333-1336 CE). He is known as Robert the Steward and succeeded the … Her marriage to Walter, High Steward of Scotland gave rise to the House of Stewart. Robert III, King of Scotland, reigned 1390-1406.. Marjory Stuart, mar Sir Alexander Keith and had issue. He took no active part in the renewed war with England (from 1378 to 1388). Robert had also managed to reclaim Edinburgh Castle from its English garrison and put Stirling Castle under a heavy siege. Upgrade to PRO to view data from the last five years. Robert II of Scotland groat 1371 612678.jpg 300 × 151; 63 KB Robert II, King of Scotland from 1371 Wellcome L0010446.jpg 1,350 × 1,540; 742 KB Robert and Euphemia.jpg 330 × 450; 25 KB 1. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Robert's coronation was held at Scone Abbey on 26 March 1371 CE. Her parents shared a common ancestor in Robert II, King of Scots. Cite This Work Robert II `the Steward' STEWART. In 1318 the Scottish parliament decreed that if King Robert died without sons the crown Ancient History Encyclopedia. Whisky - Whiskey Blended from Scotland. Our common ancestors - Kings of Scotland - Contents Robert II, King of Scotland Robert II and Euphemia Leslie. Robert II of Scotland (1316-1390) 2. Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. Robert war der einzige Sohn von Walter Stewart und Marjorie Bruce, der Tochter von König Robert the Bruce und dessen erster Ehefrau Isabella von Mar. David II was finally released in October 1357 CE as part of the Treaty of Berwick, where the Scots agreed to pay a ransom and respect a 10-year truce with England. Robert II reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. He ruled from 1371 until his death. To further legitimise his right to rule, Robert also set about fabricating a history of a unified Scotland with his grandfather Robert the Bruce as its greatest hero, even commissioning the celebrated poem The Bruce by John Barbour. Robert would go on to have another 21 children, both legitimate and illegitimate. David II had succeeded his father Robert the Bruce, but as he was a minor, his kingdom was ruled by a guardian. Robert married his mistress Elizabeth Mure in 1336 CE (and again after the 1347 CE papal dispensation which finally declared their union valid). …I (through the female line)—namely, Robert Stewart, who, as, Scotland, now part of the United Kingdom, was ruled for hundreds of years by various monarchs. License. Search Rank Over Time. In 1314, Robert the Bruce's army defeated Edward II's army at the Battle of Bannockburn. Robert II of Scotland ancient.eu - Mark Cartwright. When David II died on 22 February 1371 CE he left no heir and so Robert Stewart was made king as Robert II of Scotland. Crown copyright. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 08 Jan 2021. Princess Marjorie Stewart m: 1st, John Dunbar, 5th Earl of Moray; m: 2nd, Sir Alexander Keith 7. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 08 January 2021 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Includes citations for all sources. Dividing Scottish estates between his many offspring, Robert redrew the political map of his kingdom and effectively replaced half of the nobility with his family and allies, a process often called the 'Stewartisation' of Scotland. Share. He succeeded in defending his own right as heir apparent against David’s abortive proposal to commute his remaining ransom payments to the English by making a son of King Edward III of England heir to the Scottish throne. In 1346 CE, King David unwisely attacked northern England and he was infamously captured at the Battle of Neville's Cross. Born Robert Stewart, he succeeded the heirless David II of Scotland (r. 1329-1371 CE) and … Mary Stewart (c1383-) 4. Robert II of Scotland ruled as king from 1371 to 1390 CE. The family name itself comes from the office of High Steward of Scotland, which had been held by the family scion Walter fitz Alan (c. 1150). The original coat of arms of the Scottish house of Stewart. David II also had important support from abroad, most notably the King of France, Philip VI of France (r. 1328-1350 CE). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Robert II, King of Scotland (1316–1390) AJX066: You are not authorized to access this system. John, with the backing of Earl James Douglas (son of William Douglas and the new leader of that clan), had even launched a coup against his father in 1384 CE but eventually settled down to rule Scotland in practice if not in title. Partly because of this dispute, Walter, earl of Atholl, one of Robert’s sons by Euphemia, instigated the murder (1437) of James I, king of Scots, grandson of Robert and Elizabeth Mure. Robert II of Scotland ancient.eu - Mark Cartwright. first king of the House of Stewart, was born 2 March 1315-16, and was declared hair-presumptive to the throne on 3 December 1318. (National Library of Scotland… From the Forman Armorial, 1562. Robert II of Scotland is similar to these royalties: Robert the Bruce, David II of Scotland, Marjorie Bruce and more. Robert was the sole son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland (d. 1326) and Marjorie Bruce, daughter of King Robert I of Scotland and his first wife Isabella of Mar. Robert Stewart remained a dangerous rival, though, and despite being made the earl of Strathearn by his king, he made an unsuccessful attempt at a coup. Through her mother’s family, the Bowes-Lyons, Earls of Strathmore, she can trace her ancestry back through generations of Scottish nobility to Sir John Lyon, Thane of Glamis, who married Robert II’s daughter in the fourteenth century. Last modified January 08, 2021. Robert’s marriage (c. 1348) to Elizabeth Mure followed the birth of their four sons and five daughters, whose legitimation by the subsequent marriage did not give any of them an undisputed right of succession to the crown. https://www.ancient.eu/Robert_II_of_Scotland/. It is probable that he was delivered in Paisley. The first monarch of the House of Stewart, Robert II, King of Scots, was born at Paisley Abbey on March 2, 1316. He was the only child of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and Marjorie Bruce, the daughter of Robert I the Bruce, King of Scots. More seriously for Scotland, England once more went on the offensive against its northern neighbour, but, still, the Stewarts continued to hold on to power, and the house Robert II had founded would rule Scotland until 1714 CE. Robert's father was Walter Stewart, a powerful Scottish baron. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Robert II (2 March 1316 - 19 April 1390) was King of Scotland from 1371 through 1390. Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. Robert II, The Steward, King of Scots was born 2 March 1316. The name "Stewart" and variations had become established as a family name by the time of his grandson, Walter Stewart. Robert was the sole son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland (d. 1326) and Marjorie Bruce, daughter of King Robert I of Scotland and his first wife Isabella of Mar. Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart.He was the son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of the Scottish king Robert the Bruce by his first wife Isabella of Mar. Robert II of Scotland ruled as king from 1371 to 1390 CE. From 1384 the kingdom was administered by Robert’s eldest son, John, earl of Carrick (afterward King Robert III), and from 1388, by his next surviving son, Robert, earl of Fife (afterward 1st duke of Albany). Robert was a grandson of Robert Bruce, and the first in the House of Stewart dynasty. Through her father King George VI she is directly descended from James VI of Scotland. Robert II was born under less than royal circumstances, his birth having been brought on it seems by his mother´s fall from a horse. This made Robert the nephew of David II of Scotland, even if he was several years older. Cartwright, M. (2021, January 08). Robert II. Corrections? In 1318 the Scottish parliament decreed that if King Robert died without sons the crown Her son was the first Stewart monarch, King Robert II of Scotland. Robert II of Scotland. Over the years of the king's confinement, Stewart and several Scottish parliaments had steadfastly refused to acknowledge King David's request to nominate the English royal family as the heirs of Scotland if he himself had no heir and so escape paying such an onerous ransom. He fought at Halidon Hill in 1333 at the age of seventeen, and was the first to raise the standard of freedom after that disastrous battle. Robert II was a grandson of Robert I via his daughter Marjorie and Walter Stewart, 6th Great Steward of Scotland. Scottish Kings and Queens - Robert II to Mary Queen of Scots. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. ​King Robert II of Scotland 1316-1390) 1. Vor seinem Amtsantritt im Alter von 55 Jahren war er Truchsess (Steward) von Schottland. Robert I., im modernen Englisch besser bekannt als Robert Bruce, auch Robert the Bruce (* 11. Robert spent most of his childhood on the west coast of Scotland. He died at the age of 74 on April 19th, 1390. Robert was born prematurely when his mother suffered a fall from her horse, and she did not survive his birth. King Robert II of Scotland - The First Stewart King see Genealogical Note. U.S. President [B, HARRISON] 's 12-Great Grandfather. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. He had escaped following the defeat of David II at Halidon Hill in 1333 and took over as Guardian of Scotland while David was in exile in France. Robert did not lead his armies in person, and as neither the Scottish nor French leaders could agree on a strategy to face England, an uneasy truce was re-established between Scotland and England. Robert was succeeded by his eldest son who became Robert III of Scotland. Robert II of Scotland ruled as king from 1371 to 1390 CE. The king, perhaps pressurised by Scotland's old ally France, then launched several attacks on northern England and won a celebrated victory in August 1388 CE at the battle of Otterburn. Prince Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan (1343-1404) 5. David II of Scotland ruled as king from 1329 to 1371 CE. When Robert II King of Scotland was born on 2 March 1316, in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland, his father, Sir Walter Stewart 6th High Steward of Scotland, was 23 and his mother, Princess Margorie Bruce, was 19. Family and Early Years. Robert III (c. 1337 – 4 April 1406), born John Stewart, was King of Scotland from 1390 to his death. Marjorie died within a few hours. With your help we create free content that helps millions of people learn history all around the world. Rothesay Castle, Scotlandby Supergolden (CC BY-SA). Robert the Bruce then fought a lot of battles to make Scotland free instead of always doing what the English king wanted. (#4727) He served as Regent for David II twice, while David was in exile in France and again while imprisoned in England. Cartwright, Mark. He ruled from 1371 until his death. Royalties similar to or like Robert II of Scotland. He served as Regent for David II twice, while David was in exile in France and again while imprisoned in England. Robert II, also called (until 1371) Robert the Steward, or (1357–71) Robert Stewart, Earl of Strathearn, (born March 2, 1316—died April 19, 1390, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scot. Books Robert II (2 March 1316 - 19 April 1390) was King of Scotland from 1371 through 1390. Succeeding... James I of Scotland ruled as king from 1406 to 1437 CE. Omissions? Indeed, it was not until 1363 CE that he finally gave formal submission to his king. Topic. Ông là con trai của Walter Stewart, High Steward thứ sáu của Scotland và Marjorie Bruce, con gái của Robert the Bruce với người vợ đầu tiên của Bruce là Isabella xứ Mar. 05 Feb 2021. Robert succeeded David in 1371, and was crowned at … Robert II of Scotland. Robert II (1316-1390) was king of Scotland from 1371 to 1390. He was also known as Robert, High Steward of Scots and by his Gaelic Name, Roibert II Stiùbhairt. She was nineteen at the time of her death, like her mother, who was also nineteen years old when she died in childbirth. Er kam vermutlich per Any attempts to gain fortune's favour was already a bit late as John/Robert had been kicked by a horse in 1388 CE and so spent the rest of his days as an invalid. Robert II - King of Scotland. Juni 1329 in Cardross, Dunbartonshire), war von 1306 bis zu seinem Tod 1329 König von Schottland. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Robert_II_of_Scotland/. Around 1337 CE (or in 1340 CE) Robert had his first son, John. Robert seemed unenthusiastic about politics, leaving most matters of government to his eldest son John, Earl of Carrick. Coronation: 26 Mar 1371 Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Robert II (March 2, 1316 April 19, 1390), King of Scots, called "the Steward", a title that gave the name to the House of Stewart (later spelled "Stuart"). Born Robert Stewart, he succeeded the heirless David II of Scotland (r. 1329-1371 CE) and … On his father's death in 1327 CE, Robert became the next Steward and the owner of estates which gave him a rank equal with the most powerful families in the kingdom such as the Bruces and the Douglases. Robert was good looking, congenial and liked by all. ;II. ), king of Scots from 1371, first of the Stewart (Stuart) sovereigns in Scotland. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. David II was consequently forced into exile in France, but he returned in 1341 CE. Scottish Monarch. Robert II was born on March 2nd, 1316. Er begründete die Königsdynastie der Stewarts. ), king of Scots from 1371, first of the Stewart (Stuart) sovereigns in Scotland. "Robert II of Scotland." Royalties similar to or like Robert II of Scotland. Direct taxation had ended in 1373 CE, and sheriffs - responsible for tax collection - avoided the exchequer as parts of Scotland became increasingly lawless while Stewart barons only looked after their own interests. In 1314, Robert the Bruce's army defeated Edward II's army at the Battle of Bannockburn. King Robert II of Scotland (1316-1390) m: 2nd, isabel de Graham John Stewart of Ralston Andrew Stewart Egidia Stewart m: 1st, James Lindsay of Cranson; m: 2nd, Hugh Eglinton of Ardrossan; m: 3rd, James Dougald of Dalkeith and Arbroath Kings of Scotland Edit King Robert II of Scotland Edit King Robert II of Scotland 1316-1390) Robert II, also remembered as Robert the Steward, was the King of Scots who ruled from 1371 to his death. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Image from here.. Robert II, King of Scotland (see here and here), born 1316, mar 1stly, c.1347, to Elizabeth Mure and had issue: . Robert II of Scotland is similar to these royalties: Robert the Bruce, David II of Scotland, Marjorie Bruce and more. He was known primarily as the Earl of Carrick before ascending the throne aged around 53 years. Robert III's kingdom was torn by the bitter rivalries which had been created by Robert II's land and title redistribution policies and his large number of offspring. The first monarch of the House of Stewart, Robert II, King of Scots, was born at Paisley Abbey on March 2, 1316. Robert ruled in fact, if not in name, on two occasions before he actually took the throne in his own right. He was the eldest son of Robert II and Elizabeth Mure and was … On the death of David (Feb. 22, 1371), Robert succeeded to the throne, his reign proving largely an anticlimax to his career. The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (1316-1390), called 'the Steward,' king of Scotland, was a son of Walter, the steward of Scotland (d. 1326), and Marjorie (d. 1316), daughter of King Robert the Bruce, and was born on the 2nd of March 1316.